Science & Engineering Community Programs
We are currently planning for the H-Space Science Summer Program.

The program is being conducted in collaboration with our community partner. The H-Space Science Summer Program is designed to introduce careers in science and engineering to students from the surrounding communities.
- "Training the Engineers of the Future"

"Future Engineers"

Observation and Discovery
VIGILANTE1 is capable of observing planetary systems in extraordinary detail.

This will lead to extensive mapping of each planet's atmospherics throughout their orbit, and the ability to capture the evolution of planets with time. The simulations below provide a glimpse of what will be possible.


Io   Europa   Tethys   Triton

Io /EYE-oh/ is the innermost of Jupiter's large satellites and is notable for being the most volcanically active body in the Solar System.

Europa /ew-ROH-pa/ is one of Jupiter's four large Galilean satellites. There is enough heat on Europa, generated from tidal deformations, to maintain a layer of liquid water beneath the moon's smooth, icy crust.

Tethys /TEE-thas/ is one of Saturn's moons. It is an ice world covered with impact craters. Smoother areas are the result of resurfacing events that erased the oldest craters long ago.

Triton /TRY-tun/ is unique among the large satellites of the Solar System in that it orbits in a retrograde direction, opposite that of Neptune. A moon in retrograde orbit could not have formed at the same time as its planet.

"Planetary Evolution"

Historical Record
The current historical record of the planets and their climates can be described as a sparse dataset at best.

All of the outer planets have longer orbital periods than Earth. Saturn and its moons take 30 Earth years to orbit the Sun, so three decades of observations equates to only one Saturnian year. Uranus has an 84-year orbit and 98° axial tilt, so its seasons are extreme. Neptune completed its first orbit in 2011, since being discovered in 1846.

"Extreme Climates"

Definitions
Climate Model: A numerical representation of the climate system based on the physical, chemical and biological properties of its components, their interactions and feedback processes. Climate models are applied as a research tool to study and simulate the climate.
Insolation: The amount of solar radiation reaching the Earth by latitude and by season. Usually insolation refers to the radiation arriving at the top of the atmosphere. Sometimes it is specified as referring to the radiation arriving at the Earth's surface.
Stratosphere: The highly stratified region of the atmosphere above the troposphere, extending from about 10 km (ranging from 9km at high latitudes to 16 km in the tropics on average) to about 50 km in altitude.
Total Solar Irradiance (TSI): The amount of solar radiation received outside the Earth's atmosphere on a surface normal to the incident radiation, and at the Earth's mean distance from the Sun. The generally accepted value is 1,368 Watts/m2 with an accuracy of about 0.2%.


Intuition · Ingenuity · Innovation